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Co-evolutions of planning and design: Risks and benefits of design perspectives in planning systems

Kristof Van Assche, Raoul Beunen, Martijn Duineveld & Harro de Jong In this article we develop an evolutionary perspective on spatial planning to investigate the potential contributions of design approaches to the coordination of spatial organization. After a re-articulation of the concepts of planning and design in this perspective, we distinguish six essential features of the planning/design dialectics in a community. These aspects ought to be understood when evaluating the risks and benefits of design perspectives in a planning system, and the potential for re-positioning design in planning. It is… Read more Co-evolutions of planning and design: Risks and benefits of design perspectives in planning systems

Performing failure in conservation policy: The implementation of European Union directives in the Netherlands

Raoul Beunen, Kristof Van Assche and Martijn Duineveld In this article we present the results of a study towards the reality effects of discourses affecting the implementation of Natura 2000 in the Netherlands. The Dutch case shows how fast deinstitutionalization of conservation policies can take place. Traditions of conservation are disrupted as an unintended consequence of international policy. This study shows that conservationists and others involved in nature conservation should pay more attention to the ways in which conservation needs and practices are represented and institutionalized, how these representations become… Read more Performing failure in conservation policy: The implementation of European Union directives in the Netherlands